Animals in Research and Teaching, Use of

Title: Animals in Research and Teaching, Use of
Policy Owner: Vice President for Research
Applies to: Employees, Faculty, Students, Others
Campus Applicability: UConn Storrs and Branch Campuses
Effective Date: December 2014
For More Information, Contact (860) 486-4164
Contact Information: Assistant Vice President for Research Compliance
Official Website: http://iacuc.uconn.edu/

 

REASON FOR POLICY

The University of Connecticut regards the use of animals in research, teaching, and testing to be an integral component of continued progress in science, education, and agriculture. The University expects all of its animal facilities and programs to maintain high ethical standards for animal care and use, and to be operated in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local laws, regulations, policies, and guidelines. This policy outlines the principles that govern the humane conduct of animal-based activities, ensures compliance with external regulations and establishes roles and responsibilities of those individuals who are involved in the care and use of animals in research and teaching.

APPLIES TO

All faculty, postdoctoral fellows, graduate and undergraduate students, research and teaching personnel and staff members involved in the care and use of animals for research or teaching at the UConn Storrs campus and the branch campuses.

DEFINITIONS

Animal Care and Use Program (ACUP): The animal care and use program refers to all the components that exist in support of the University’s activities involving live animals. These components include facilities, employees, researchers, policies and procedures, equipment and animals.

Attending Veterinarian (AV): The attending veterinarian is the individual with primary authority to execute the duties inherent in assuring the adequacy of veterinary care and overseeing other aspects of animal care and use, including quarantine, stabilization, clinical care and management, husbandry and disease surveillance.

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC): The IACUC is appointed by the president of the university and derives its authority from the Animal Welfare Act and the Health Research Extension Act. The IACUC is qualified through the experience and expertise of its members to oversee the University’s animal program, facilities, and procedures in accordance with the applicable regulations.

Institutional Official (IO): The institutional official is appointed by the president of the university. The IACUC reports to the IO, who has the administrative and operational authority to commit institutional resources to ensure compliance with the regulations which govern the University of Connecticut’s ACUP.

POLICY STATEMENT

  1. The transportation, care and use of animals should be in accordance with the Animal Welfare Actand other applicable Federal/State laws, guidelines and policies.
  2. Procedures involving animals should be designed and done with discussion of their relevance to human or animal health, the advancement of knowledge, or the good to society.
  3. The animals selected for a procedure should be of an appropriate species and quality and the minimum number required to obtain valid results. Methods such as mathematical models, computer simulation and in vitrobiological systems should be considered.
  4. Proper use of animals, including the avoidance or minimization of discomfort, distress and pain, when consistent with sound scientific practices, is imperative. Unless the contrary is established, investigators should consider that procedures that cause pain or distress in human beings may cause pain or distress in other animals.
  5. Procedures with animals that may cause more than momentary or slight pain or distress should be done with appropriate sedation, analgesia, or anesthesia.
  6. Humane endpoints should be established.
  7. The living conditions of animals should be appropriate for their species and contribute to their health and comfort. The housing, feeding and care of animals used for biomedical or agricultural purposes must be directed by a veterinarian or other scientist, trained and experienced in the proper care, handling and use of the species being maintained or studied. Veterinary care will be provided.
  8. Investigators and other personnel will be appropriately qualified and experienced for conducting procedures on living vertebrate animals. Adequate arrangements will be made for their in-service training, including proper and humane care and use of laboratory animals.
  9. When exceptions are required in relation to the provisions of these Principles, the decisions will be made by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). Such exceptions should not be made solely for the purposes of teaching or demonstration.
  10. IACUC approval of a research or teaching application must be received beforethe use of vertebrate animals can commence.

ENFORCEMENT

Violations of this policy may result in appropriate disciplinary measures in accordance with University Laws and By-Laws, General Rules of Conduct for All University Employees, applicable collective bargaining agreements, and the University of Connecticut Student Conduct Code.

AUTHORITY

Animal Welfare Act (1966)

Animal Welfare Act Regulations (9 C.F.R., Chapter 1, Subchapter A) (2009)

Health Research Extension Act of 1985, Public Law 99-158

Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (2002)

United States Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training (2002)

Revisions:

12/17/2014 (Approved by IACUC)

Reviewed:

02/16/2011